The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is a unique example of Egyptian civilization. As soon as you hear the name Egypt, a picture of a pyramid floats in front of your eyes. The Pyramid is undoubtedly one of the most wonderful and mysterious of the many ancient monuments of ancient Egyptian civilization built on the banks of the Nile. There has been no end to the human curiosity surrounding the pyramids for nearly 5,000 years. So our report today is arranged on the Egyptian pyramids, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

An important part of the religion of the ancient Egyptians was the belief in the hereafter. They believed that death was the transfer of the soul from the mortal body to the Hereafter. There is a world there too. There will also be a need for wealth, riches, and otherworldly matters. So after the death of kings and queens, gold, silver and precious gems were given along with the corpses.

Their bodies were preserved as mummies and their slaves were killed so that there would be no lack of service in the Hereafter. But the problem is that these mummies and other valuables are in danger of being stolen if not kept in a safe place. So even before the pyramids were built, a tope-shaped tomb called Mastaba was built.

Egypt Cairo Giza Great Sphinx
Egypt Cairo Giza Great Sphinx 

But in ancient times there was no use of rods. That is why it was impossible to make these mastabas higher. So over time the design of step pyramids began to be adopted instead of these masts. The main reason behind this is the geometric structure of the pyramid. We know the full weight of a building falls on its foundation. So the higher the height, the harder the foundation must be. The area of ​​the pyramid tends to decrease with height.

But in ancient times there was no use of rods. That is why it was impossible to make these mastabas higher. So over time the design of step pyramids began to be adopted instead of these masts. The main reason behind this is the geometric structure of the pyramid. We know the full weight of a building falls on its foundation. So the higher the height, the harder the foundation must be. The area of ​​the pyramid tends to decrease with height.

Desert Camel Sand Pyramid
Desert Camel Sand Pyramid

As the area of ​​the foundation of the pyramid is larger than the upper layers, the pressure on it also decreases and the installation becomes stronger. So the only way to build a much higher tomb was to adopt a pyramid-shaped design.

The Great Pyramid of Giza


The dead city of Al Giza, just 13 kilometers southwest of the Egyptian capital Cairo. Three large pyramids can be seen here. These are the pyramids of Pharaoh Khufu, his son Pharaoh Khefre and Khefre’s son Menkaure, respectively. All of them were kings of the fourth dynasty of Egypt. However, the Pharaoh Khufu Pyramid is the tallest and largest of all the pyramids in Egypt.


This is why the pyramid of Pharaoh Khufur is also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza. Even from the sixteenth century BC to the fourteenth century, it was the tallest man-made structure for nearly four thousand years. So much so that Egyptian civilization in ancient times was much more advanced than other civilizations in terms of technology and abundance.

The Great-Pyramid of Giza was built in 2560 and 2540 BC. The actual height is 461 feet but the current height is 455 feet. The ground of the pyramid is square and 656 feet in both length and width. Researchers are still puzzled as to how the structure was actually built with large stone slabs.

The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza

What is even more surprising is that it required 2.3 million large boulders to build it. The average weight of each stone chisel was at least 2 tons to 15 tons. Even some of the canes weighed more than 50 tons. Most of the sticks were made of limestone. These unique limestones were brought from the Tura region. These were brought by water from the east bank of the Nile.

But sadly, in the course of time, many limestone sticks have been stolen, most of which have since been used in the construction of various structures in Cairo. Inside the Giza pyramid are three rooms. In a basement. The other two are on top. The two upper chambers were the tomb chambers of the queen and the king, respectively. These rooms were built with granite stone. They were brought from a distance of about 800 km. There was no direct way to get inside the pyramid.

Egypt Giza Pyramid Sphinx
Egypt Giza Pyramid Sphinx

However, many loopholes have been created throughout the ages. The Great Pyramid of the once glorious Giza was stolen and emptied at various times during the last five millennia. However, there is now an entrance for visitors. Needless to say, the most famous pyramid in Egypt is the Great Pyramid of Giza. So it would not be wrong to call the Great Pyramid of Giza synonymous with the Pyramid.

Construction period and number of workers
It is not possible to say for sure exactly how many workers it took to build the Great Pyramid of Giza. However, a review of population and food supply and a combination of various historical sources have reached a general conclusion. It is estimated that a mason skilled in carving about 4,000-6,000 stones completed the construction for about twenty consecutive years. However, the Nile donations were submerged for three months a year in ancient Egypt. It is estimated that millions of farmers joined them during this time. Workers and craftsmen needed 200,000 pieces of bread and 100,000 onions a day for food. Next to the pyramid was a place for workers to stay. Several villages were built for this purpose.

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